Further reading

We see The Little Red Yellow Black Book as a stepping-off point for readers to learn more either by themselves or with others. Here is a list of non-fiction publications that provide more detailed information about some of the subjects covered in the book.

The list is by no means exhaustive. Australia has an abundance of excellent Indigenous cultural creators and we recommend you take the time to explore their work.

For further research into materials that might be of interest, visit Mura®, the AIATSIS Library and Audiovisual collections gateway. The new AIATSIS Pathways provides headings for place names, language groups, people and subjects relating to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander studies.


Libraries, Museums and Government Organisations

Who are we?

Culture and Sport

Participation and Governance

Resistance and Reconciliation

Festivals and Tours


General — Websites

ABC: Indigenous

Online gateway to information on Australian Government Indigenous initiatives and programs

SBS Living Black

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: print resources

National Indigenous Times

The Koori Mail

General — Online Exhibitions

The Wentworth Lectures Presenting the papers from the Wentworth Lectures since 1978.

General — Further Reading

Arthur W & Morphy F (eds) 2005, Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous Australia: Culture and society through space and time, Macquarie Library, North Ryde NSW.

Jupp J (ed.) 2001,The Australian People: An encyclopedia of the nation its people and their origins (2nd edn) Cambridge University Press, Oakleigh Vic.

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Libraries, Museums and Government Organisations

Free publications from the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

AIATSIS Family History Unit

AIATSIS Audiovisual Archive


AIATSIS Rare Books

National Gallery of Australia

Melbourne Museum

National Museum of Australia

South Australian Museum

Northern Territory Library NT pictures

State Records of NSW (see also other states)

Queensland Art Gallery

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Who Are We?

Our Past — Downloads

Convincing Ground: Learning to fall in love with your country, (Chapter 16 Native Born), Bruce Pascoe.
Addresses the debate of how long Indigenous Australians have occupied Australia and provides an Indigenous perspective on how Aboriginal people are treated in the presentation of Australian history. http://lryb.aiatsis.gov.au/PDFs/pascoe_ch16.pdf

Aboriginal stone structures in southwestern Victoria, Sharon Lane.
Report to Aboriginal Affairs Victoria about archaeological stone structures in southwest Victoria.

A History of Aboriginal People of the Illawarra 1770 to 1970, NSW Department of Environment and Conservations.
The culture and history of the Aboriginal people of the Illawarra region. Part of a larger study called the Illawara Regional Aboriginal Heritage Study.

Moreland Pre-Contact Aboriginal Heritage Study, Moreland City Council.
A pre-contact history of areas around Melbourne.

Our Past — Links

ABC’s Frontier Online

Our Past — Books and Journals

Australian Centre for Indigenous History, Aboriginal History Aboriginal History Inc. Canberra.

Clark ID & Heydon T 2002, Dictionary of Aboriginal Placenames of Victoria, Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages, Melbourne Vic.

Donovan V & Wall C (eds), Making Connections: A journey along Central Australian Aboriginal trading routes, Arts Queensland, Brisbane QLD.

Meehan B 1982, Shell Bed to Shell Midden, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Mulvaney DJ & White JP 1987, Australians to 1788, Syme & Weldon Associates, Broadway NSW.

Ryan L 1996, The Aboriginal Tasmanians, Allen & Unwin, St Leonards NSW.

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What We're Called — Downloads

Auntie Rita (Chapter 8 The Old Rugged Cross) ,
Rita Huggins and Jackie Huggins.
Auntie Rita discusses her religious beliefs and experiences.

What We're Called — Websites

The Federation of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Languages & Culture

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Living with our Neighbours — Online Exhibitions

Trepang: China & the story of Macassan-Aboriginal Trade

Living with our Neighours — Books and Journals

‘Aboriginal–Makassan interactions in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in northern Australia and contemporary sea rights claim’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2004/1), Denise Russell .
Interactions and negotiated arrangements and the way they could form the basis for contemporary land rights arrangements.

Boigu: Our History and culture (Trading Westwards by Jerry Anau Charlie Gibuma and Matthew Gibuma pages 104–108), Boigu Island Community Council .
Describes traditional monsoon season trading with the Papuan villages of Buzi Thoez and Bera.

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Our Societies — Downloads

Yarrtji: Six women’s stories from the Great Sandy Desert
(pages 15–17), Tjama Freda Napangka Martingale Mudgedel Napanangka Kuninyi Rita Nampitjin Payi Payi Napangarti Nanyuma Rosie Napurrula Millie & Skeen Nampitjin .
Stories from three Nampitjin women living together gathering food incl. glossary.

Swinging the Billy: Indigenous and other styles of Australian bush cooking (Kangaroo pages 32–34), Kingsley Palmer
A Pitjantjatjara description of preparing and cooking a kangaroo (central Australian desert).

‘An assessment of the composition and nutrient content of an Australian Aboriginal hunter–gatherer diet’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2003/2 pages 39–52), Richard M Smith and Pamela A Smith.
The research of ethnoarchaeologist Richard Gould of hunter-gatherer subsistence diets in the Western Desert in 1969 were analysed for nutrient composition using recent table of Indigenous foods.

Woven Histories Dancing Lives: Torres Strait Islander identity culture and history (Part 1 Torres Strait: the region and its people by David Lawrence and Helen Reees Lawrence), Richard Davis (ed.).
Brief history of the geography prehistory history and language of the Torres Strait people.

Mutton Fish: The surviving culture of Aboriginal people and abalone on the south coast of New South Wales (Livelihood pages 27–31), Beryl Cruse Liddy Stewart and Sue Norman .
South coast NSW Koori people living off the sea and the land prior to and during European colonisation up to early 1900s.

A Wardaman creation story (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2004/2 pages 90–97), Julie Drew with Bill Harney .
Wardaman elder Bill Harney gives his creation story to provide people with an understanding of the images put on the rock by the ancestors. Provides further insight into Wardaman culture.

Growing up in the Torres Strait Region: A report from the Footprints in Time trials, Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health.
Stories and childhood experiences provided by people in the Torres Strait and Northern Peninsula Area during the trial phase of the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children.

'Torres Strait Islanders', Anna Schnukal.
Chapter from: Brandle Maximilian (ed.) 2001, Multilcutlural Queensland 2001: 100 years 100 communities A century of contributions, Brisbane QLD Department of Premier and Cabinet Brisbane.

Garma 2008, Key Forum Report: Indigenous Knowledge: Caring for Culture and Country, Christine Fletcher (ed).
Outcomes from the 2008 Garma Festival in Arnhem Land.

Our Societies — Websites

North Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance

Indigenous Australia

Indigenous Weather Knowledge

Djungguwan Ceremony in northeast Arnhem Land

Twelve Canoes

Torres Strait Regional Authority

Torres Strait Islanders On-line Television

Aboriginal Resource and Development Services

Our Societies — Online Exhibitions

Community Newsletter Maningrida Mirage

Ethnomathematics in Australia

Alyawarra Ethnographic Archive

Our Societies — Books and Journals

Altman JC 1987, Hunter–gatherers today: An Aboriginal economy in northern Australia, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Davis R (ed.) 2003, Woven Histories Dancing Lives: Torres Strait Islander identity culture and history, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

Fletcher E 2004, Indigenous Family History Research: Family history for beginners and beyond, Heraldry & Genealogy Society of Canberra, Canberra.

Haebich A 2000, Broken Circles: Fragmenting Indigenous families 1800–2000, Fremantle Arts Centre Press, Fremantle WA.

Kabaila P 2005, High Country Footprints: Aboriginal pathways and movement in the high country of southeastern Australia recognising the ancient paths beside modern highways, Pirion Publishing, Canberra.

Reynolds AJ (ed.) 2006, Keeping Culture: Aboriginal Tasmania, National Museum of Australia Press Canberra.

Taylor R 2002, Unearthed: The Aboriginal Tasmanians of Kangaroo Island, Wakefield Press Kent Town SA.

Tonkinson R 1991, The Martu Aborigines: Living the dream in Australia’s deserts (2nd edn), Holt Reinhart & Winston, Forth Worth Texas USA.

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Our Languages — Downloads

Language and Culture in Aboriginal Australia (Chapter 1 Languages and their status in Aboriginal Australia), Michael Walsh and Colin Yallop (eds) .
Information about the number of languages spoken in Australia at the time of European contact and the subsequent decline.

Being Black: Aboriginal cultures in settled Australia (Chapter 6 They don't speak an Aboriginal language or do they?), Ian Keen (ed.).
About Aboriginal English.

Paper and Talk: A manual for reconstituting materials in Australian indigenous languages from historical sources (Chapter 4 Reading Old Sources; what word is that? by Jaki Troy and Tamsin Donaldson), Nicholas Thieberger (ed.)
Interpreting historical documents or wordlists written in Indigenous languages.

National Indigenous Languages Survey Report 2005,
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies in association with the Federation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages.
A review of the current state of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islader language use across Australia.

Aboriginal placenames: Naming and re-naming the Australian landscape, Harold Koch and Luise Hercus (eds) .
Interdisciplinary perspectives on Australian placenames of Indigenous origin.

Our Languages — Websites

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages

Aboriginal Languages Research and Resource Centre

Our Languages

Our Languages — Online Exhibitions

Indigenous Word Lists

Our Languages — Books and Journals

Arthur JM 1996, Aboriginal English, Oxford University Press Australia.

Thieberger T & McGregor W (eds) 1994, Macquarie Aboriginal Words: A dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd Sydney NSW.

Walsh M & C Yallop (eds) rpr 2005, Language and Culture in Aboriginal Australia, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

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People Health and Homes — Downloads

Holding Men: Kanyirninpa and the health of Aboriginal men (Chapter 3 Healers and Health), Brian F McCoy.
Describes how Puntu traditionally understand being well or unwell. Includes description of marpan traditional healers.

‘They Used to Call it Sandy Blight’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2006/2), Jilpia Nappaljari Jones Leila Smith and Gordon Briscoe.
Discusses the eye health of Indigenous people a 1977 documentary and the debate surrounding the film’s censorship.

Counting Health and Identity: A history of Aboriginal health and demography in Western Australia and Queensland 1900–40 (Chapter 9 Protection and Segregation), Gordon Briscoe.
Investigates the provision of health services to Indigenous people in Queensland 1920–30 and the treatment of people at the time.

Settlement: A history of Australian Indigenous housing (Chapter 2 The Way It Was by Paul Memmott), Peter Read (ed.).
Reconstruction of aspects of customary lifestyle mainly from the Lardil people’s perspective on Mornington Island.

Connecting Kin: A guide to records: A guide to help people separated from their families search for their records, K Thinee.
The first NSW listing of records relating to all people both Aboriginal and non–Aboriginal separated from their families.

Land rights and development reform in remote Australi
a, Jon Altman Craig Linkhorn and Jennifer Clarke.
A report looking at the extent to which ownership of land is likely to boost economic development and produce better housing outcomes within the Northern Territory.

Aboriginal Spirituality: Aboriginal Philosophy, The Basis of Aboriginal Social and Emotional Wellbeing, Discussion Paper No. 9, Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health Darwin, Vicki Grieves.
Examines the centrality of Aboriginal Spirituality in the practice of social and emotional wellbeing and for applications in all areas of Aboriginal development.

People Health and Homes — Websites

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet – Indigenous health clearing house

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and welfare statistics observatory.

Welcome to the Australian Indigenous Doctors' Association Ltd (AIDA)

No Smokes

People Health and Homes — Books and Journals

Carson B (ed.) 2007, Social Determinants of Indigenous Health, Allen & Unwin St Leonards NSW.

Memmott P 2007, Gunyah Goondie + Wurley: The Aboriginal architecture of Australia, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia Qld.

Trudgen R 2000, Why Warriors Lie Down and Die: Towards an understanding of why the Aboriginal people of Arnhem Land face the greatest crisis in health and education since European contact: djambatj mala, Aboriginal Resource and Development Services Inc,. Darwin NT.

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Culture and Sport

The Arts — Downloads

Key Forum Report: Indigenous Creative Industries: opportunities culture and knowledge, Christine Fletcher (ed).
Outcomes from the 2009 Garma Festival in Arnhem Land.

‘Port Keats painting: Revolution and continuity’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2008/1 pages 39–55) , Graeme K Ward and Mark Crocombe.
Art and history from Port Keats Northern Territory.

Don’t Ask for Stories: The women from Ernabella and their art (Chapter 5 Our lives as artists: nganampa ara: walka tjutatjara by Angkaliya [Tulapa] Purampi and Angkaliayaku Tjukurpa), Ute Eickelkamp (compiler) .
First-person account of life as an artist from Ernabella Arts Inc. known for its distinctive designs and the use of different media like textile art.

Protocols for Producing Indigenous Australian Visual Arts, Terri Janke and Robynne Quiggin.
Designed to help Australians better understand the use of Indigenous cultural material.
http://www.australiacouncil.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/32368/Visual_arts_protocol_guide.pdf (also in the series are protocols for producing Indigenous Australian music writing performing arts and media arts)

‘The ongoing debate about women playing didjeridu’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2006/1 pages 36–43), Karl Neuenfeldt.
Discusses the debate about the appropriateness of women playing the didjeridu.

‘Women singing up big’: The growth of contemporary music recordings by Indigenous Australian women artists' (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2006/1 pages 44–56), Katelyn Barney.
Factors contributing to the growth of recordings by Indigenous female artists since 1990. Includes discography.

‘Droppin’ concious beats and flows: Aboriginal hip hop and youth identity’ (Australian Aboriginal Studies 2005/2 pages 44–54), George Stavrias.
The appropriation of hip hop by Aboriginal youths hip hop culture and Aboriginal youth identity.

Past and Present: The construction of Aboriginality (Chapter 8 Writing black: the construction of an Aboriginal discourse by Robert Ariss), Jeremy Beckett (ed.) .
Investigates the place of Aboriginal literature within the power relationship of power between the Indigenous and dominant non-Indigenous community.

Dhuulu-Yala To talk straight: Publishing Indigenous literature (Chapter 3 Indigenous Discourse), Anita Heiss. Discusses what Aboriginal writing is and isn't how it functions and the ways it's represented.

Writing Never Arrives Naked: Early Aboriginal cultures of writing in Australia (Chapter 4 Borderlands of Aboriginal Writing), Penny van Toorn.
Reveals how scripts can move from being phonographic ideographic or pictographic; how they can change modes and function simultaneously.

The Arts — Websites

Arts Yarn Up, the Australia Council for the Arts' Indigenous arts magazine.

The Black Book Indigenous Arts Directory

Association of Central Australian Aboriginal Art and Craft Centres

Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative

Bangarra Dance Theatre

National Aboriginal Islander Skills Development Corporation (NAISDA)

Descendance Aboriginal & Torrest Strait Islander Dance Theatre

National Indigenous TV

Yirra Yaakin Noongar Theatre Company Western Australia

Ilbijerri Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Theatre Co-operative Victoria

National Indigenous Radio Service

The Arts — Websites

Musical Connections — the life and work of Alice Marshall Moyle. Features correspondence from the Moyle collection.

The Arts — Books and Journals

Birnberg M & Krezmanski JB 2004, Aboriginal Artists Dictionary of Biographies: Western Desert Central Desert and Kimberley region, JB Publishing Marleston SA.

Hamby L (ed.) 2005, Twined Together = kunmadj njalehnjaleken, Injalak Arts and Crafts Gunbalanya NT.

Heiss A & Minter (eds) P 2008, Macquarie PEN Anthology of Aboriginal Literature, Allen & Unwin Crows Nest NSW.

Isaacs J 1999, Spirit Country: Contemporary Australian Aboriginal art, Hardie Grant South Yarra Vic.

Kleinert S & Neale M (eds) 2000, The Oxford Companion to Aboriginal Art and Culture, Oxford University Press Melbourne Vic.

Morgan S 2007, My Place, Fremantle Press Fremantle WA.

Mosby T 1998, Ilan Pasin – This is our way: Torres Strait art, The Gallery Cairns Qld.

Warlukurlangu Artists 1984, Kuruwarri: Yuendumu Doors, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

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Sport — Downloads

Learning the Ropes (Chapter 8, The Gymnasium), Keith B Saunders.
The beginning of Saunders’ fighting career.

Aboriginal Stars of the Turf: Jockeys of Australian racing history (rev. edn) (Off and Racing pages 15–20), John Maynard.
The beginning of Aboriginal jockeys and horseriders.

Bush Toys: Aboriginal children at play (Chapter 7 Community Play), Claudia Haagen.
Children’s traditional games and group sports.

Sport — Websites

Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games

Sport — Books and Journals

Tatz C & Tatz P 2000, Black Gold: The Aboriginal and Islander sports hall of fame, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

Tatz C 1995, Obstacle Race: Aborigines in sport, University of New South Wales Press Sydney NSW.

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Education — Downloads

Two-Way Aboriginal Schooling: Education and cultural survival (Chapter 7 Curriculum Design), Stephen Harris.
Describes the basic components of a two-way curriculum.

Disciplining the Savages: Savaging the Disciplines (Chapter 8 Disciplining the Islander in formal education), Martin Nakata.
History and impact of formal education in the Torres Strait.

Garma 2006 Key Forum Report: Indigenous Education and Training, Tess Lea William Martin and Jackie Wurm (eds).
Outcomes from the 2006 Garma Festival in Arnhem Land.

Education — Websites

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education

Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Inc. — each state has its own AECG

Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care

Aboriginal Independent Community Schools

Education — Books and Journals

Beresford Q & Partington G (eds) 2003, Reform & Resistance in Aboriginal Education: The Australian experience, University of Western Australia Press Nedlands WA.

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Employment — Downloads

Life B'long Ali Drummond: A life in the Torres Strait (Life on the water pages 13–42), Samantha Faulkner with Ali Drummond.
Ali Drummond’s working life at sea pearling and fishing.

Maps to success : a handbook — successful strategies in Indigenous organisations, Australian Institute of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Island Studies and The Australian Collaboration.
A study of Indigenous organisations that have helped to promote community wellbeing or to overcome disadvantage.

Employment — Websites

The Department of Education Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR)

Indigenous Business Australia

Indigenous Jobs Australia

Jawun Indigenous Corporate Partnerships

Indigenous Chamber of Commerce

Aboriginal Business Magazine

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Leadership — Downloads

Thinking Black: William Cooper and the Australian Aborigines’ League (Introduction), Bain Attwood and Andrew Markus.
An account of William Cooper’s work.

Fight for Liberty and Freedom: The origins of Australian Aboriginal activism (Introduction), John Maynard.
Introduction to Fred Maynard’s life and work.

Rob Riley: An Aboriginal leader's quest for justice (Chapter 6 A Bigger Stage: The National Aboriginal Conference), Quentin Beresford.
The National Aboriginal Conference.

Improving Indigenous community governance through strengthening Indigenous and government organisational capacity, Komla Tsey Janya McCalman Roxanne Bainbridge and Cath Brown.
Argues that strengthening the organisational capacity of both Indigenous and government organisations is critical to raising the health wellbeing and prosperity of Indigenous Australian communities.

Leadership — Websites

Indigenous Leadership Centre

Leadership — Books and Journals

Keeffe K 2003, Paddy’s Road: Life stories of Patrick Dodson, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

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War service — downloads

Fighters from the Fringe: Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders recall the Second World War (Chapter 1 Defending Australia), Robert A Hall.
History of Indigenous involvement in the war.

Indigenous Australians at War from the Boer War to the Present, Shrine of Rememberance Melbourne.
Educational resource about Indigenous war service.

War Service — Online exhibitions

Indigenous Australians at War by Garth O'Connell

War Service — Books and Journals

Hall RA 1997, The Black Diggers: Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in the Second World War, Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

Jackomos A & Fowler D 1993, Forgotten Heroes: Aborigines at War from the Somme to Vietnam, Victoria Press South Melbourne Vic.

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Making Decisions for our Communities — Downloads

The World of the First Australians: Aboriginal traditional life past and present (Chapter 10 Law and Order), Ronald M and Catherine H Berndt.
Customary law.

‘Confessions of a Native Title Judge’ (Land Rights Laws: Issues of Native Title vol 3 no 14 June 2008), Chief Judge Joe Williams.
Reflections on the role of transitional justice in the transformation of Indigeneity.

‘Not Fit For Modern Society’ (Research Discussion Paper no 16 2005), Kerry Arabena.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the new arrangements for the administration of Indigenous affairs.

Organising for success: Successful strategies in Indigenous organisations — Policy Report, The Australian Collaboration & Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Studies.

Making Decisions for our Communities — Websites

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission International Indigenous rights

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission National Indigenous Representative Body

Indigenous Law Centre

The National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples

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Early Resistance — Websites

The First Australians

Early Resisitance — Books and Journals

Attwood B & Foster G (eds) 2003, Frontier Conflict: The Australian experience, National Museum of Australia Canberra.

Elder B 2003, Blood on the Wattle: Massacres and maltreatment of Aboriginal Australians since 1788 (3rd edn), New Holland Frenchs Forest NSW.

Lindquist S 2007, Terra Nullius: A journey through no one's land, Granta London.

Poignant R & Poignant A 1996, Encounter at Nagalarramba, National Library of Australia Canberra.

Reynolds H 2006, The Other Side of the Frontier: Aboriginal resistance of the European invasion of Australia, University of New South Wales Press Sydney NSW.

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Missions Reserves and Stations — Downloads

A Bend in the Yarra: A history of the Merri Creek Protectorate Station and Merri Creek Aboriginal School 1841–1851 (Chapter 5 Merri Creek Protectorate Station),
Ian Clark and Toby Heydon.
Life at the Merri Creek Protectorate Station.

Kangushot: The life of Nyamal lawman Peter Coppin (Chapter 1 Mardamarda), Jolly Read and Peter Coppin.
Describes the influence of pastoralists on Nyamal country and people in particular Coppin’s non-Aboriginal father and Aboriginal mother.

White Christ Black Cross: The emergence of a Black Church (Chapter 4 The Golden Age of Missions 1900–1950), Noel Loos.
The establishment in the communities and management of industrial missions.

Paint Me Black: Memories of Croker Island and other journeys (News of the War pages 12–20), Claire Henty-Gebert.
Account of mission life on Croker Island during the Second World War.

The 1967 Referendum: Race power and the Australian Constitution (Part III pages 167–169), Bain Attwood and Andrew Markus.
Indigenous perspectives on the referendum.

Missions Reserves and Stations — Websites

Mission Voices

Missions Reserves and Stations — Online Exhibitions

Dawn and New Dawn magazines were published between 1952 and 1975 by the New South Wales Aborigines Welfare Board.

Mission Reserves and Stations — Books and Journals

Achoo H 1996, Moola Bulla: In the shadow of the mountain, Magabala Books, Broome WA.

Beckett J 2000, Wherever I go: Myles Lalor's 'oral history', Melbourne University Press, Carlton Vic.

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Activism and Representation — Downloads

Paddy's Road: Life stories of Patrick Dodson (Chapter 11 Deaths in custody), Kevin Keeffe.
An interview with Pat Dodson.

Historical Narrative and Proof of Native Title (Land Rights Laws: Issues of Native Title vol 2 no3 Sept 1999), Christine Choo and Margaret O’Connell.
The report of the historian who is called to prepare and give historical evidence in the native title process depends on the representation of historical facts their analysis of the facts and an opinion based on the analysis.

Fight for Liberty and Freedom: The origins of Australian Aboriginal activism (Chapter 4 Political Mobilisation),
John Maynard.
Elizabeth McKenzie Hatton the AAPA and relations with the AAM and AIM; the influence of Marcus Garvey.

Bunji: A story of the Gwalwa Daraniki Movement (Chapter 4 No Turning Back), Bill Day.
Protests against development and lack of rights move from Kululak to Canberra.

Man of all Tribes (Chapter 9 Political Activism), Richard Broome and Corinne Manning.
Jackomos learns about political activism alongside Doug Nicholls Bill Onus and others.

Seeking Racial Justice: An insider’s memoir of Aboriginal advancement assimilation and integration support groups 1938 to 1978 (Afterword), Jack Horner
Afterword by Gordon Briscoe.

Uncommon Ground: White women in Aboriginal history (Chapter 5 'Never forgotten' by Stephanie Gilbert), Anna Cole Victoria Haskins and Fiona Paisley (eds).
The activism of Pearl Gibbs (Gambanyi) from the 1920s to the 1980s.

Trustees on Trial: Recovering the stolen wages (Chapter 1 The Deal), Rosalind Kidd.
Community and individual reactions to the Parliamentary decision to return wages and the organisations and processes responsible for this decision.

Compromised Jurisprudence: Native title cases since Mabo (Chapter 1 Recognising native title in Australian law: Mabo v Queensland [No 2] High Court of Australia 1992),
Lisa Strelein.
Outline of the Mabo case and its impact on Australian law.

Us Taken-Away Kids: Commemorating the 10th anniversary of the Bringing them home report, The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.
Indigenous peoples across Australia share their experiences of removal their thoughts ten years on from the Inquiry and their hopes for the future.

Current Challenges in Indigenous Activism: Valuing conflict among indigenous activists, Sarah Maddison.
A paper about Indigenous activism and collective identity.

Gladys Nicholls: An Urban Aboriginal Leader in Post-war Victoria, Patricia Grimshaw.
A brief biography of Gladys Nicholls an Indigenous activist who was significant from the 1940s to the 1970s.

Activism and Representation — Websites

Collaborating for Indigenous rights 1957–73 National Museum of Australia

Central Land Council – includes full text of ‘Our Land Our Life: Aboriginal Land Rights in Australia’s Northern Territory

The Koori History Website

Activism and Representation — Online Exhibitions

YES! The 1967 Referendum Newspapers reports and campaign material relating to the 1967 Referendum.
Day of Mourning and Protest 70th Anniversary Marks 26 January as the day when Aboriginal civil-rights protestors met at Australian Hall Sydney to draw attention to their plight 70 years ago.
The Freedom Ride Selections from the collection featuring the diary of Professor Ann Curthoys.
Treaty An overview of the history of the debates about a Treaty.

Activism and Representation — Books and Journals

Attwood B 2003, Rights for Aborigines, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest NSW.

Beresford Q 2006, Rob Riley: An Aboriginal leader's quest for justice, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

Broome R 2001, Aboriginal Australians: Black responses to white dominance 1788–2001 (3rd edn), Allen & Unwin, St Leonards NSW.

Chesterman J 2005, Civil Right: How Indigenous Australians won formal equality, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia Qld.

Clarke J 2008, Aborigines & activism : race Aborigines & the coming of the sixties, UWA Press, Crawley.

Horner J 1994, Bill Ferguson: Fighter for Aboriginal freedom (new edn), Dickson ACT.

Maynard J 2007, Fight for Liberty and Freedom: The origins of Australian Aboriginal activism, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council 2012, Celebrating the 40th anniversary of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy, NSW Aboriginal Land Council, Parramatta.

Read P 2001, Charles Perkins: A biography (rev. edn), Penguin Ringwood, Vic.

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Reconciliation and Celebration — Downloads

‘The 2008 Amendments to the Native Title Act’ (Land Rights Laws: Issues of Native Title vol 3 no 12 Feb 2008),
Justice Robert French.
Explores how the native title system might operate more effectively to assist traditional owners achieve their goals.

Treaty: Let’s get it right! A collection of essays from ATSIC’s treaty think tank and authors commissioned by AIATSIS on treaty issues (Indigenous Education Languages and Treaty: The Redefinition of a New Relationship with Australia), Lester-Irabinna Rigney.
Explores how a treaty needs to create a new space within education that allows for Indigenous governance and reinforces Indigenous cultural views.

Reconciliation and Celebration — Websites

Reconciliation Australia

Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2007 Australian government

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse – a national resource on Indigenous justice

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice

Updating the Australian Constitution

ANTaR - Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation

Ending Indigenous disparity in one generation

Reconciliation and Celebration — Online Exhibitions

The NAIDOC Posters. Features the NAIDOC posters from 1972 to 2007

The Sorry Books. Selected messages from the Sorry Books held in the AIATSIS Library’s manuscript collection.
We say Sorry. Videos photos music and documents surrounding the National Apology.

Reconciliation and Celebration — Books and Journals

Copland T 2012, You plus me equals us : stories of reconciliation, NSW Reconciliation Council, Sydney.

Henderson-Yate L McCoy B & Brickell M 2011, Take off your shoes walk on the ground : the journey towards reconciliation in Australia, Australian Catholic Social Justice Council, Alexandria NSW.

Landon C 2006, Jackson’s Track Revisited: history remembrance and reconciliation, Viking Ringwood, Vic.

Langton M 2006, Settling With Indigenous People: Modern treaty and agreement-making, Federation Press, Annandale NSW.

Maddison S 2011, Beyond white guilt : the real challenge for black-white relations in Australia, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

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Festivals and Tours


This list represents just a sample of Indigenous festivals and events around Australia. If you know of another important event that you think should be listed here please let us know.


National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Week Various Locations (July)


Dreaming Festival Woodford

Colourised Festival Brisbane

Laura Aboriginal Dance and Culture Festival Laura

The Coming of the Light - Torres Strait

Western Australia

Mowanjum Festival Derby

Northern Territory

Garma Festival Gulkula

Barunga Cultural and Sports Festival Katherine

Boonu Boonu Festival Borroloola

Freedom Day Festival Kalkarindji

Merrepen Arts Festival Daly River

Walking with Spirits Katherine

Desert Mob Festival Alice Springs

New South Wales

Yabun Festival Sydney

Message Sticks Festival Sydney

Mungabareena Ngan-Girra Festival Albury

Freshwater Saltwater Festival

South Australia

Blak Nite Carclew (Biennial)

Festivals and tours — Books and Journals

Hilvert J 2006, Indigenous Australian Festivals (children's book), Macmillan Education Australia Pty Ltd, South Yarra Vic.

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Traveling Respectfully — Downloads

Barani/Barrabugu (yesterday / Tomorrow)
The City of Sydney
A guide to the Sydney Aboriginal walking tour.

Different Cultures Common Ground: Guide for engaging respectfully with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
Indigenous Lead Centre
A guide to appropriate protocols for engaging with Indigenous people.

Traveling Respectfully — Websites

Aboriginal Tourism

Ask First Australian Heritage Council

Research at AIATSIS

Ethical Research

Indigenous Community Volunteers

Traveling Respectfully — Books and Journals

Bauman T 2006, Aboriginal Darwin: A guide to exploring important sites of the past and present, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

Eidelson M 1997, The Melbourne Dreaming: A guide to the Aboriginal places of Melbourne, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra.

Hagan S 2008, Whitefella Culture, Australian Society for Indigenous Languages, Alice Springs.

Kauffman P 2000, Travelling Aboriginal Australia: Discovery and reconciliation, Hyland House Victoria.

Hinkson M 2001, Aboriginal Sydney: A guide to important places of the past and present (2nd edition), Aboriginal Studies Press Canberra.

Singh S Andrew D & Bryan A 2001, Aboriginal Australia & the Torres Strait Islands: Guide to Indigenous Australia, Lonely Planet, Victoria.